By Aniqa Aurengzeb (The writer is a student of Jinnah University For Women)
Dars-e-Nizami (modern education system operated around the subcontinent) had been the backbone of education among Muslims of the subcontinent from the thirteen to eighteen centuries but after that, Britishers started to eliminate it and start taking out religion from the mainstream education system resulted, the breakthrough of uniform education as the degrees get from those Madaris were no longer valued and children educated and graduated from there were unable to acquire occupation, work and conspicuous place in the society.
Though, Hindus are more ready to accept new teaching system then did the Muslims, thus Sir Syed Ahmed Khan saw the danger that if Muslim will not accept new education system then their co-religionists might fall behind the Hindus or may be set aside of the out civil service. Sir Syed established institutes that provide higher education on the British pattern like Anglo-Oriental College (later promoted to Aligarh Muslim University) that endorsed the Muslim separation movement that ultimately led to the partition of the subcontinent and the birth of Pakistan.
There is no doubt when independent country Pakistan, came into being it had poorly educated population only 189245 Madaris with very few schools and one and only higher education “The University of Punjab”.
But then, different types of education systems run in Pakistan, firstly government-run education system to educate middle and lower middle or poor class children. Second, is private education system and the third is the traditional education system (Madressa) where most children of lower class people get an education.
“If you want to destroy the future of any nation, no need to wage war with them; defunct their education, they will remain no more live on the map of the world.”
No doubt the education systems are in a clash to a great extent because they all are producing children of different mental levels and ideologies like the student who gets an education from English institute they are well educated and successful in life than the student that get an education from Madressa.
From many years Pakistan has faced a war against terrorism that disturbs in spreading literacy campaign. The militants targeted educational institutions and several schools were blown-up, numerous teachers and students were murdered in KP and Baluchistan. On the other hand, it is sad to say that our past government has failed to implement a uniform education all over the country successfully. As government has tried to implement plenty of development plans like National Plan of Action 2001-2015 and Education Sector Reforms (ESR) but the situation became worse, result still remain same, low enrollment rates in primary level, outdated syllabus and non-uniform education system plus the citizen now prefer private education system in high price instead of government education in less price just because of the poor service that ruin child future.
An adoption of a uniform education system is a priority, as a huge population of poor classes left behind all hopes and their dreams for providing higher education to their child were broken because according to a constitution of Pakistan, the state is accountable for providing education to the 5-16 years old children in free of cost.
“The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children among the age of five to sixteen in a manner as of determining by law” [Article 25-A].
But, the single way to achieve success and glory is to introduce education both at an individual level and nationwide because a country without uninformed education system can only take consequences in the shape of increasing terrorism, chaos, criminal, sectarianism and radicalism on a daily basis. It is miserable and tragic to be noticed that our education system is promoting injustice and inequality instead of acting as a catalyst for unification in society. There’s no such education that became one and only identity of Pakistan, all education institute works according to their own desire.
If we really want to resolve our issue political and social contrast, and the gap between poor and the rich, and lake of national accord over various socio-political and economic problems in the country and to remove the diverse society that lead to total destruction, than we have to implement the uniform education policy and improve our local schools so that children’s of both rich and poor get education under one roof plus developed such policies like if any private school providing education to more than five thousands of children then they are liable to provide education to particular number of poor child in free of cost otherwise they have to pay penalty.
Additionally, it is essential to focus and invest on a student because today’s students are tomorrow’s nation builder and we should be hurry to enforce a uniform education system for the whole country otherwise Pakistan is kept lagging behind in the comity of advanced and developed nations.
(This article also published on national courier website and newspaper)