Scientists have announced that they have successfully created the hybrid of human and animal in the Salk Institute laboratory. They explained the project saying that it is possible to incorporate cells of human beings into non-humans (animals) and the cells can survive in a host animal. The project raises the prospect of being able to grow human organs inside animals for use in organ transplantation. The research has been published in the paper published in the journal Cell.
This is an advancement in the medical world as in current age we are facing the shortage of donor organs and the problem has touched the critical level now. Scientists said that every ten minutes someone is put on the national waiting list to have an organ transplant. Every day 22 people who are in the need of organ transplant die as they have not been given the organ they need. They posed the question what if customs organs could be cultured in the lab that could provide the desired organ despite waiting for someone’s death. Scientists are now one step closer to making this dream become reality.
Ways to create Chimaera
Researchers from the Salk Institute said that they have created a chimaera: an organism that contains cells that come from two separate species.
Basically, there are two different ways to create a chimaera.
- The first way involves introducing organs from one animal to another and this might cost you risk due to the fact that the immune system of the host could reject the new organ.
- The other way is cells of one animal is introduced to the embryo of the other and they then fuse and grow into the hybrid.
Researcher created the first rat-mouse chimaeras a decade ago, but until now have struggled to combine human cells with those of a large mammal. Scientists are now working to find out possible ways to boost the number of human cells as the number is low right now. It is thought that it might take many more years to see human organs that are functioning but the work has been described as being a breakthrough in the medical sciences.