Lahore and Karachi are among the cities with the worst air pollution and air quality.
According to the air quality monitor AirVisual, Lahore is at number 2 while Karachi occupies the spot 5 in the list when it comes to bad air quality and pollution. India’s New Delhi featured at the top of the list; Kolkata and Mumbai also made it to the top 10.
What is Smog?
Smog has become a serious and never-ending problem for citizens of Lahore since past a few years. Smog is basically a kind of air pollution; a mixture of smoke and fog in the air. According to data released by Pakistan Air Quality Initiative (PAQI), the provincial capital recorded only two days of good air quality in 2017.
Last month, the government has also taken a decision to shut down kilns to reduce the spread of smog which starts showing its signals with the arrival of winters. The Commissioner also asked to adopt measures to fight smog as the season starts in October and continues till the end of December.
Lahore Division Commissioner said Section 144 would be imposed on burning crop stubble. He said that crop burning, brick kilns, industries and traffic emissions are among the main factors causing smog in Lahore and adjoining areas.
In this regard, the Commissioner asked to form a district smog control committees comprising members from the environment, agriculture, industries and police departments to create awareness among citizens and farmers. Piracha also said brick kilns would remain closed from October 20 till the end of December to reduce smog.
Besides damaging crops, animals and water, air pollution causes serious health problems, including chronic respiratory failures, lungs cancer and heart diseases. Bad air quality also impacts the liver, kidneys and brain as well. It reduces life expectancy by 60 months and leads to almost 135,000 deaths every year, making it the leading cause of sickness in the country.
It is not easy to control this type of pollution but we can adopt some precautionary measure to avoid the health hazards of smog:
- we should minimize going outdoors
- Keep your windows close and spend most of your time at home
- Avoid exercising in smoggy conditions
- Carry inhaler if you are asthmatic patient.
- Please wear your mask on the roads when you are on the bike or walking
- Try and keep children indoors and do not let them play outside